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biodiversity conservation techniques

Conservation of biodiversity

The term biodiversity refers to diversified species of living organism in ecosystem. The natural species and wild animals are losing their natural habitat due to devastating human activities. Wild life species are that are close to extinction needs to be conserved in order to maintain balance of ecosystem. Role of biotechnology in conservation of biodiversity …

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skin cancer and possible immune therapy

Skin cancer immunotherapy

Immunotherapy also known as biological therapy is a method of treatment that uses different parts of person’s immune systems such as special cells, organs or substances that provide protection against various infections to fight against diseases such as skin cancer. In cancer immunotherapy the immune system of body counters with cancer cells. These different rapidly …

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a few health benefits of dates

Health benefits of dates

Dates are one of the sweet natural gift. They grow in various tropical countries. Dates are used as fresh or in dried states, and part of many sweet products. In any case, the health benefits of date are great. Nutrition profile The calories content of dates is high and close to dry fruits. A 100 gram …

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ovarian cancer, detection and treatment

Ovarian cancer

The term “ovarian cancer” includes several different types of cancer that all arise from cells of the ovary. Most commonly, tumours arise from the epithelium, or lining cells, of the ovary. These include epithelial ovarian (from the cells on the surface of the ovary), fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal (the lining inside the abdomen that …

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humanized antibody production

Humanized antibody

Humanized antibody is derived from a non-human source. For the purpose, the gene sequences are modified so as they resemble closely to naturally occurring Ab’s in humans. Humanization is the process of development of monoclonal antibodies involving a non-human source such as murin. The monoclonal antibodies (Ab against one specific antigen) produced by this method …

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chemical weapons in warfare

Chemical warfare

The chemical weapons are either some gases or liquid, formulated with the aim to inflict death of living. A chemical weapon is anything that injures, irritate or kill by mean of chemical activity. These are ‘the chemicals of mass destruction’. These are different from conventional weapons not only in their formulation but also due to …

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marfan syndrome link with Fibrillin gene

Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome is a multi-systemic disorder of connective tissues. The basis is mutation in Fibrillin 1 gene. This disorder effects patient’s cardiovascular system badly. The symptoms are life threatening symptoms including aortic valve regurgitation, aortic root dilation and root dissection. The syndrome was first identified by Antoine Marfan, a French paediatrician after observing symptoms in …

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antibody engineering and therapeutics

Antibody engineering

 Antibodies are immunoglobin molecules produced by the B cells of adapted immune system that recognize particular antigen and are responsible for its removal from body. The antibody molecule unique and highly specific for the type of antigen to which it recognizes and binds. The emergence of recombinant DNA technology in 1970’s has led to the …

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vasopressin neurotransmitter

Vasopressin as neurotransmitter

A neurotransmitter is an endogenous chemical. It is also named as chemical messenger and is responsible for chemical transmission of nerve impulse by neurons. They cause the transmission across the synapse between the neuron and the target neuron that can be a muscle or gland cell. They are released from the synaptic vesicles at synaptic …

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interleukin polymorphism & alzheimers

Interleukin genes & Alzheimer

Alzheimer is a neurological disorder and a type of dementia. Dementia on the other hand is memory loss which gets worst with the passage of time and it affects the memory and the intellectual abilities of the affected person. The disease has genetic basis as well as environmental influences. One of the genetic factors is …

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solution to vocal disability

Lab-grown vocal cords

Voice is an astonishing gift and no doubt a blessing to express ourselves and the main source of communication. Unfortunately, some of us are deprived of this blessing and have vocal disability. A person may have this speaking disability either by birth or due to some surgery or injury. Researchers were trying to find ways …

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nerveagents effects on neurotransmitter

Nerve agents

Nerve agents or nerve gases are actually the dirty dark secret of scientific development and a threat to humanity and peace of world. These are chemicals or gases which affect the central nervous system or specifically neurons. This term applies to all chemicals that affect nervous system by disrupting neurotransmitter molecules.  Gerhard Schrader accidentally formed …

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autoimmune disease- allergy

Autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune allergic disorders are common in people and are due to problem with immune system. Immune system is the major defense mechanism of body of organism comprising of specialized cells and systems that provide resistance to disease. The main function of immune system is protection of body by removal and elimination of pathogens and the …

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genetically modified organisms

Genetically Modified Organisms

Animals have always been fascinating to human beings and animal breeding is one of the aims of human for several purposes. As animals inherit their genetic properties to their offspring, this creates bases of genetic selection of the animals with desired properties. Many of the plant and animal species have become dependent on these man-made …

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plantbasedbiopolymers

What are plant based bio polymers?

Polymeric bio molecules produced by the living organisms are termed as bio polymers. In a polymeric structure, the monomers join together by some kind of bonding such as covalent bond. Bio polymers are of two types: Naturally occurring that includes silk, pectin, rubber, DNA and Proteins Synthetic Bio polymers such as polyethylene, Teflon, epoxy and …

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