Blocked fallopian tube

Fallopian tubes are part of female reproductive system lined by hair-like structures. These aid in transferring the eggs from ovaries to womb or uterus for conception. Moreover, these hair-like structures also aid in transfer of sperms to egg for conception. Thus, fallopian tubes have significant role when it comes to conceiving pregnancy. Sometimes, due to some injury or surgical procedure scar tissues block the fallopian tubes, making them one major contributor for female infertility.

Blocked fallopian tubes are the main reason for female infertility and this is one of the most common causes which affect around 40% of women across the globe. If you are dealing with blocked fallopian tubes it means the sperm cannot travel to your egg, or your fertilized egg cannot be placed into your uterus. There are cases where women who have been diagnosed with blocked fallopian tube condition suffer from infertility. You should have an examination for block fallopian tubes by the fertility expert. The experts will suggest the right treatment on time and can save you from infertility.

Signs and symptoms

The following are some symptoms if you suspect you have blocked fallopian tubes and these are:

  • You experience pain in your abdominal.
  • You will not able to get pregnant.
  • During intercourse, you will feel pain.
  • Irregular periods and spotting in between your periodic menstrual cycle can be a sign of dealing with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
  • You will experience inflammation of the pelvic area and pain if you have blocked fallopian tubes due to endometriosis.

How fertility experts diagnose blocked fallopian tubes?

Dr. Nalini Gupta and IVF expert at Select IVF India conduct the following tests to diagnose your condition and these are:

1. Ultrasound

She will conduct an ultrasound to examine your fallopian tubes and detect an abnormality.

2. Blood tests

With the help of blood test Dr. Nalini Gupta will able to detect the presence of Chlamydia antibodies.

3. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

This is an X-ray test in which Dr. Nalini Gupta will inject a harmless dye into your womb, which should flow into your fallopian tubes. Your fertility expert will able to view the stain on X-ray. If the fluid does not flow into the fallopian tubes which means there is a blockage in your fallopian tubes and you will need to be tested further.

4. Exploratory laparoscopic surgery

In this, your fertility expert makes a small cut in your body and inserts a tiny camera to take pictures of your fallopian tubes from inside. This is the most accurate test for blocked fallopian tubes.

Treatment options

To treat your blocked fallopian tubes, if they are blocked by a small number of scar tissues then Dr. Nalini Gupta an IVF expert at Select IVF India will use laparoscopic surgery to remove the blockage and open your fallopian tubes. However, if your fallopian tubes are blocked by large amounts of scar tissue then the removal of blockade fallopian tubes may not be possible.  In such condition, your fertility expert will perform surgery to repair your blocked fallopian tubes. The damage occurs due to ectopic pregnancy or infection. If a blockage in your fallopian tube is caused because the part of your fallopian tube is damaged then your fertility expert will remove the damaged part and will connect and fixed the two healthy parts.

If surgery to treat the blocked fallopian tubes is not successful then your fertility expert will recommend IVF as the best option.